MAGICIANS GLOVES: Tanzanite from Richland's operations in Tanzania, which were sold to a private company, Sky Associates Group Ltd. Photo: Richland Resources

MAGICIANS GLOVES: Tanzanite from Richland's operations in Tanzania,
which were sold to a private company, Sky Associates Group Ltd.
Photo: Richland Resources


A Peculiar Pattern of
Private Deals

Issue 134, August 2015

There is risk-free money to be made in sapphire mining licenses.

Last April, a private Australian company, Gregcarbil Pty Ltd, was granted two mining licenses in Queensland's gemstone district: ML70419 and ML70447. The license area covers an abandoned sapphire deposit and after legal action involving cattle farmers, the price Gregcarbil paid for the land's surface rights was A$203,000.

The payments however were staggered over four years, so the cash Gregcarbil paid upfront was only A$43,000. That too was comfortably covered by an option it had already sold over the licenses for A$120,000, three years before they were even granted.

And within two months of the licenses being approved, Gregcarbil sold them both for a further A$1.8m ($1.7m), including A$1.2m in cash and 18m shares, tradable on the London Stock Exchange. It was a risk-free trade that Goldman Sachs would be proud of, if on a smaller scale.

Richland Resources

The buyer was Richland Resources. Well known to investors in London, the company previously owned the world's largest tanzanite mine at the foot of Mount Kilimanjaro. It is led by chairman Ed Nealon, the driving force behind Aquarius Platinum, and director Nicholas Sibley, a former executive chairman at Barclays' investment banking division.

But who is Gregcarbil and how did it land such a favourable deal with Richland Resources?

Announcing the acquisition, Richland described Gregcarbil as “a special purpose vehicle setup especially for the purpose of holding the mining leases”, without giving further details. But that is not how Gregcarbil (pronounced Greg-carble) presented itself to the Queensland government in its application process.

Instead, it had pledged to redevelop the property and rehabilitate its abandoned pits, without disclosing that it had already agreed to sell them. The site overlaps an endangered ecosystem and was previously mined by a listed Australian company, Australis Mining Corp., which failed after it was ordered to cease mining in 2006, having exceeded its disturbance area.

Again, Richland's filings give a less detailed account, saying “Australis experienced inter alia working capital shortfalls during the ramp up phase, which resulted in the company being placed into voluntary administration.”

There is no mention of unresolved legal issues surrounding Australis' breach of its license, nor of the legal action between Gregcarbil and local farmers, including a compensation liability that Richland now carries. Nor are there any further details about the owners behind Gregcarbil.

Caring for Kangaroos

The company that had boxed Richland into a risk-free transaction was run by three locals, including a mother, who spends her spare time talking to tourists and caring for kangaroos. On top of A$1.2m in cash, a local firm had emerged from the Richland deal with more than 8 per cent of Richland's stock. Had they got lucky, were they simply more astute than Richland's board, or was there more to it?

Richland has a history of dealing with opaque companies: it countered a hostile takeover in 2008 by issuing 84m shares to a loop of companies beginning in South Africa, its retail division operates out of Hong Kong and Richland itself is registered to Clarendon House, Bermuda.

Continue ➤

“Australis experienced inter alia working capital shortfalls…”

Clarendon House, Bermuda (click to enlarge)

Richland's "purpose-built alluvial processing plant" in Queensland, which the company describes as "one of the largest of its kind in the southern hemisphere."

Dilutive deals have taken their toll on Richland's share price


Coloured Gemstone Imports Surge
in the US

In the world's largest diamond market, emeralds, rubies and sapphires are poaching marketshare


Philip Manduca: Diamonds vs Gold

"There are hospital cases out there, but companies that are weak are generally weak for a good reason"


Bill Beament:
Northern Star's
$1bn Boss

12-month deal binge proves Northern Star the sharpest gold mine operator globally



Jim Mellon: 
Bullish on Gold
& Silver

From UraMin to BC Iron, few investors have played the mining markets as well as Jim Mellon

Thiam: Guinea's
$200m Technocrat
from UBS

Mining minister on UBS & the $200m bribe he's accused of accepting by Rio Tinto